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CHUR 2/28 Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on defence, atomic weapons and energy.

  Reference Description Date range  
CHUR 2/28/45-51

Copy of a covering letter from WSC to Clement Attlee, Prime Minister, marked "private" sending on two enclosures and undertaking to support the government on national defence, while reserving the right to criticise the Government on defence spending, and suggesting a recall of Parliament at the end of August.

Includes enclosures: A copy of a note by WSC (dated 4 August) suggesting a plan for creating an emergency army for Western Europe, including the need for increased length of service by British armed forces, and stressing the need to defend the American bombing base in East Anglia with fighter aircraft from the United States and anti-aircraft artillery. A note by Lord Cherwell [earlier Frederick Lindemann] to WSC on atomic research and the government's decision not to move the responsibility for atomic energy away from the Ministry of Supply to an independent body. Cherwell feels that this will lead to resignations of key individuals, and that "production and even research will gradually atrophy..."

Carbon typescript annotated "Copy to Mr Eden" [Anthony Eden, later Lord Avon].

7 folios
4-6 Aug 1950
CHUR 2/28/121-124

Letter from Clement Attlee, Prime Minister (10, Downing Street) to WSC marked "top secret" enclosing a note about the circumstances in which the clause in the Quebec Agreement was allowed to lapse which provided that neither the United States nor the United Kingdom would use the [atomic] bomb against third parties without the consent of the other. He explains: that the Americans were keen to get rid of the clause because Congress had not been informed about it and it went beyond the terms which the President has the power to agree; that the technical provisons about the exchange of information and raw materials remain in place; that the United Kingdom wished to be free of restrictions on the use of atomic energy for industrial purposes; the need for greater co-operation with the United States since the MacMahon [sic] Act; and that it was recognised that friendship and co-operation would be more significant than written agreements. He ends by paying tribute to WSC's efforts in securing the Quebec Agreement. Includes enclosure entitled "Top Secret: Atomic Energy: The Quebec Agreement of 1943" on the end of co-operation between the United States and the United Kingdom and Canada as a result of the McMahon Act; the "modus vivendi" and renewal of limited co-operation; the omission from the "modus vivendi" of clauses dealing with mutual consent for use of the bomb and industrial and commercial aspects; and limited exchange of technical information. Signed typescript.

4 folios
2-3 Dec 1950
CHUR 2/28/126

Letter from Harry Truman [President of the United States] (The White House, Washington) to WSC explaining that he does not wish to publish the Quebec Agreement as requested by WSC because it will lead to requests for information about the current status of collaboration between the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States and that this would jeopardise the countries and NATO Allies.

Signed typescript.

1 folio
24 Mar 1951
CHUR 2/28/127-128

Letter from Harry Truman [President of the United States] (The White House, Washington) to WSC in response to a personal note from WSC attached to his request to publish the Quebec Agreement. He discusses opposition in Congress to his efforts to carry out the Atlantic Treaty and asks WSC not to press him further, explaining that it will lead to unfortunate repercussions and embarassment and that it may ruin his whole defense program, "Your country's welfare and mine are at stake in that program."

Signed manuscript. Envelope present marked "Personal &confidential".

2 folios
16 Feb 1951
CHUR 2/28/132-134

Copy of a letter from WSC to the President of the United States [Harry Truman] asking for the publication of the 1943 Quebec Agreement, arguing that the British Parliament should have access to the facts, that consent from the British government would be needed to use the US air bases in East Anglia for the atomic bomb and this would strengthen the ties between the two countries. He ends by congratulating [Truman] on events in Korea and the Eisenhower mission. Unsigned carbon typescript.

3 folios
12 Feb 1951