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CHAR 28/121 Acquired Papers. Letters from John S Churchill to Lady Randolph Churchill. All items are manuscript and signed unless otherwise described.

  Reference Description Date range  
CHAR 28/121/1

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill]([France]) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he describes his work arranging the billeting of troops, comments on the unpleasantness of the town, and describes the problems posed by frostbite in the trenches.

1 folio
01 Feb 1915
CHAR 28/121/2

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill](General Headquarters [France]) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he comments on the arrival of troops and the good example set by Lord Richard Cavendish by serving as a Colonel of a regiment; discusses casualties in the trenches and the jealousies among the staff and reports that "Goonie" [Gwendeline Churchill formerly Gwendeline Bertie] will have to meet the people in whose house he has been staying. He encloses a poem [see CHAR 28/121/3]. Envelope at CHAR 28/121/4.

1 folio
24 Feb 1915
CHAR 28/121/3

Song by Roger de Chateleux entitled "Souvenir de la Campagne 1914 - ?" which satirises the behaviour of the British troops in France. Printed. Covering letter at CHAR 28/121/2.

1 folio
01 Jan 1915
CHAR 28/121/4

Envelope addressed to Lady Randolph Churchill. Letter and enclosure at CHAR 28/121/2-3.

1 folio
24 Jan 1915
CHAR 28/121/5-6

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill]([France]) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he thanks her for taking [John G Churchill and Peregrine Churchill] to Brighton [East Sussex], comments on excitement and optimism felt about the Dardanelles expedition and asks her whether she would entertain the people in whose house he has been billeted. Envelope present.

2 folios
01 Mar 1915
CHAR 28/121/7-8

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill](G H Q Mediterranean Expeditionary Force) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he details the numbers of ships waiting at the Dardanelles, reports that landing should be imminent and on damage to the "Ocean" and "Irresistible" and the sinking of the "Bouvet" and asks whether Peregrine [Churchill] has begun to speak. Envelope present.

2 folios
20 Apr 1915
CHAR 28/121/9-10

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill](G H Q Mediterranean Expeditionary Force) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he comments on confusion about the future of the Dardanelles expedition, relief at the resignation of [Lord] Fisher and on political affairs; discusses domestic arrangement for "Goonie" [Gwendeline Churchill earlier Gwendeline Bertie], the results of the elections in Greece which should mean that Greece will support Britain and the difficulty of obtaining reliable information about casualties. Envelope present.

2 folios
20 Jun 1915
CHAR 28/121/11-12

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill](G H Q Mediterranean Expeditionary Force) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he discusses the determination of the Turkish forces; says that he has seen Hugh Frewen and that he regrets that he has not seen Peregrine [Churchill] for a long time; comments on the unpleasant conditions for the troops in Egypt and the high morale of the troops at the Dardanelles expedition; and anticipates victory at the cost of large casualties. Envelope present.

2 folios
29 Jul [1915]
CHAR 28/121/13-16

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill](G H Q Mediterranean Expeditionary Force) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he discusses his work arranging winter quarters for the troops; comments on the likelihood of Bulgaria and Romania joining Britain; discusses Greek politics, the failure of British diplomacy in the Balkans and the likelihood of success of the Dardanelles Expedition; encloses a photograph of General Sir Ian [Hamilton] awarding medals with himself in the background [CHAR 28/121/15]. Envelope present.

3 folios
07 Oct [1915]
CHAR 28/121/17

Envelope addressed to Lady Randolph Churchill.

1 folio
02 Feb 1915
CHAR 28/121/18-21

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill](General Headquarters, Mediterranean Expeditionary Force) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: the departure of General Sir Ian Hamilton; refutation of criticisms about Hamilton's failure to visit the peninsula [at Gallipoli], hold reviews of troops, the unfairness of comparisons between Hamilton and [Lord] French [later 1st Lord Ypres]; the unpopularity of [Major-General Walter] Braithwaite [Chief of General Staff, Mediterranean Expeditionary Force]; the failure of the Dardanelles campaign due to lack of troops and "rotten diplomacy" and a photograph of himself [CHAR 28/121/20]. Includes envelope.

4 folios
22 Oct 1915
CHAR 28/121/22

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill](General Headquarters, Mediterranean Expeditionary Force) to WSC discussing financial affairs and holdings of stocks and shares.

1 folio
[1915]
CHAR 28/121/23-24

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill](General Headquarters, Mediterranean Expeditionary Force) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he informs her that the Dardanelles expedition has come to an end and that he has been sent to Egypt and awarded the Chevalier de la Legion d'Honneur. He comments on dispatches from General Sir Ian Hamilton about the Dardanelles expedition "if you read between the lines you can see that everything he asked for was nearly always refused because it could not be spared from France" and says that he would like to return home. Envelope present.

2 folios
15 Jan 1916
CHAR 28/121/25-26

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (ANZAC [Cairo, Egypt]) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that he is likely to remain with [General Sir William] Birdwood if Birdwood is given Australian forces; describes the unpleasantness of travelling in a troop ship; and expresses concern about "Goonie's" [Gwendeline Churchill earlier Gwendeline Bertie] financial worries. Envelope present.

2 folios
25 Jan 1916
CHAR 28/121/27-29

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (ANZAC Headquarters [Cairo, Egypt]) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he discusses his hopes to be appointed to the Australian forces under [General Sir William] Birdwood; comments on confusion about the authority of commanders, [Lieutenant Colonel Sir John] Murray and [Colonel Sir John] Maxwell; discusses the behaviour of women in Cairo who "spend their time hindering hospitals and running about with everybody but their husbands"; reports that he has been awarded the Legion d'Honneur; asks for news of WSC and says that he hopes that he is safe in France; and discusses his financial worries. Envelope present.

3 folios
31 Jan 1916
CHAR 28/121/30-32

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (Headquarters, Australian and New Zealand Army, Ismailia [Egypt]) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: his imminent departure for France; financial difficulties; and the appointment of [Lieutenant-Colonel Sir John] Murray over [Colonel Sir John] Maxwell. Envelope present.

2 folios
16 Mar 1916
CHAR 28/121/33-34

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (France) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he expresses concern about an operation she has had on her toe, says that has seen WSC who is "unsettled" about political affairs and predicts that the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith, later Lord Oxford and Asquith] "may wriggle out again with his promises" and that the Coalition Government will come to an end. Envelope present.

2 folios
14 Apr 1916
CHAR 28/121/35-36

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (France) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that he hopes to return home on leave shortly, comments on the lack of understanding about political events at home, predicts that the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith [later Lord Oxford and Asquith] will remain in office, discusses WSC's position in a "dugout" and says that he is sure that "his turn will come again". Envelope present.

2 folios
26 Apr 1916
CHAR 28/121/37-38

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (France) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: the slow progress of attack on the Western Front; the plentiful supply of munitions; praise for the ANZAC troops; gloomy accounts of German affairs in prisoners' letters; and advice to sell American securities. Envelope present.

2 folios
16 Aug 1916
CHAR 28/121/39-40

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (France) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: the Battle of the Somme; the fatigue experienced by troops in the front line; the successes of the ANZAC troops; the superior organisation of the French troops; news of Hugh Warrender and a conversation which "Goonie" [Gwendeline Churchill, earlier Gwendeline Bertie] has had with the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith, later Lord Oxford and Asquith] in which the latter expressed concern about "the waste of [WSC's] genius". Envelope present.

2 folios
06 Sep 1916
CHAR 28/121/41

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (France) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] returning papers [not present] for her to sign and discussing the difficulties in using horses for transport because of the mud.

1 folio
31 Oct 1916
CHAR 28/121/42-43

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (1st ANZAC, France) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including; problems posed by the large amount of mud which has caused men to drown; concern about events in Romania; the death of [the Marquis de] Breteuil and the poor conditions in the trenches and dug outs. Envelope present.

2 folios
31 Oct 1916
CHAR 28/121/44-45

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (Dardanelles) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: the problems posed by cold weather which has led to men in the trenches dying of exposure; relief that WSC has left the Government; financial difficulties; the unpopularity of [General Sir] Ian [Hamilton]. Annotated by Lady Randolph Churchill "Keep money part private".

2 folios
07 Dec [1915]
CHAR 28/121/46

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (Dardanelles Army) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: discussion of domestic arrangements; the evacuation of ANZAC troops from Gallipoli; news that WSC is happy in the trenches although he has enemies in the army; the bankruptcy of ?Kim Manchester and his hopes to go to Egypt.

1 folio
22 Dec [1915]
CHAR 28/121/47-49

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (1st ANZAC [France]) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: a description of a visit to Paris with [General Sir William] Birdwood and the people he has seen who include Emily Yznaya; the isolation of the British embassy in Paris; discussion of affairs in Germany including scarcity of food; the attitude of Americans in Paris regarding the war. Envelope present.

3 folios
23 Feb 1917
CHAR 28/121/50

Envelope addressed to Lady Randolph Churchill.

1 folio
1917
CHAR 28/121/51-54

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (1st ANZAC [France]) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: censorship of letters; his anxiety about the loss of his job; a visit from Neville Lytton and Marefield who is researching a history of the Battle of the Somme; fears about cavalry casualties and concern about domestic arrangements. He encloses a newspaper cutting [CHAR 28/121/53] from an Australian newspaper which includes an account of the conditions on the Western Front and mentions John S Churchill and General Sir William Birdwood. Envelope present.

4 folios
24 Apr 1917
CHAR 28/121/55-56

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (1st ANZAC [France]) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he discusses arrangements for his return to England on leave and expresses anxiety about his employment prospects. Envelope present.

2 folios
31 May 1917
CHAR 28/121/57-59

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (1st ANZAC [France]) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: a visit to Paris with General Sir William Birdwood to see a review; anxiety about the lack of knowledge of American officers and excitement over news from Mesopotamia. Envelope present.

3 folios
17 Jul 1917
CHAR 28/121/60-62

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] ([France]) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: plans for "Goonie" [Gwendeline Churchill, earlier Gwendeline Bertie] to visit Paris with WSC; the failure of German defensive schemes and discussion of casualties; a meeting with WSC and "Eddie" [Edward Marsh]; and reports from prisoners about scarcity of food and boots in Germany. Envelope present.

3 folios
29 Sep 1917
CHAR 28/121/63-65

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] ([France]) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: discussion of news from Russia and Italy; the steady advance against Germany despite difficulties posed by the weather; his hopes to go to Blenheim for Christmas and worries about his employment prospects. Envelope present.

3 folios
11 Nov 1917
CHAR 28/121/66-67

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] ([France]) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that he hopes to return home for Christmas, expresses disappointment at not seeing WSC, discusses the likelihood that significant numbers of German troops will have to remain in Russia and asks about the progress of her action against an Australian newspaper. Envelope present.

2 folios
06 Dec 1917
CHAR 28/121/68

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (Australian Corps Headquarters [France]) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he anticipates renewed fighting on the Western Front as Marshal Foch inspires confidence among his troops, comments on the political situation in Britain and family affairs, and says that he is unlikely to be given leave.

1 folio
21 Apr 1918
CHAR 28/121/69

Number not allocated.

1 folio
1997
CHAR 28/121/70

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] ([Australian Corps Headquarters, France]) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he reports successes on the Western Front which have been achieved by the Australian forces, comments on the noise of overhead fighting and on WSC's popularity with the army [as Minister of Munitions] due to the good supply of munitions.

1 folio
21 May 1918
CHAR 28/121/71-72

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (General Headquarters British Army in France) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he discusses news of her marriage [to Montagu Porch]. He expresses surprise but says "If he makes you happy we shall soon be friends" and expresses regret that he will not be able to attend the wedding. Envelope present.

2 folios
25 May 1918
CHAR 28/121/73

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (Headquarters, 5th Army, British Expeditionary Force, France) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that WSC has given him a full account of her wedding [to Montagu Porch]; describes a visit to Paris and anticipates victory with the arrival of American troops; reports that he has been awarded the Companion of the Distinguished Service Order and comments that John [G Churchill] has settled down at school.

1 folio
11 Jun 1918
CHAR 28/121/74

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (Headquarters, 5th Army, British Expeditionary Force, France) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he discusses arrangements to see her during his leave.

1 folio
17 Jun 1918
CHAR 28/121/75-76

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (Headquarters, 5th Army, British Expeditionary Force, France) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he discusses fighting on the Western Front, asks about her plans to visit Nigeria and gives instructions for a leather book cover which he would like to be made. Envelope present.

2 folios
17 Jul 1918
CHAR 28/121/77-78

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (Headquarters, 5th Army, British Expeditionary Force, France) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he expresses sympathy about the cancellation of her plans [to visit Nigeria] due to the rules about women travelling; describes a day spent with WSC and "Sunny" [Charles, 9th Duke of Marlborough] at the battle field and thanks her for offering to pay school fees for "Johnnie" [John G Churchill]. Envelope present.

2 folios
12 [Jul] 1918
CHAR 28/121/79-80

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (Headquarters, 5th Army, British Expeditionary Force, France) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he thanks her for a leather book cover, reports that German officers who have been taken prisoner are not confident about the war and discusses German retreats on the Western Front. Envelope present.

2 folios
08 Sep 1918
CHAR 28/121/81

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (Headquarters, 5th Army, British Expeditionary Force, France) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he discusses the progress of the war and request for armistice, gives news of the people he has met and asks whether [Montagu] Porch is to return.

1 folio
08 Oct 1918
CHAR 28/121/82-83

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (Headquarters, 5th Army, British Expeditionary Force, France) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that he hopes to return home as his job has finished and he wishes to return to the City [of London], discusses Leonie [Lady Leslie's] visit to the grave of Norman [Leslie], and describes the cheerful conditions in Brussels [Belgium] and the uncertainty among the troops about their futures. Envelope present.

2 folios
06 Mar 1919
CHAR 28/121/84

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he discusses his financial difficulties commenting "it is very unpleasant being a beggar until the war is over.".

1 folio
[1919]