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CHAR 28/22 Acquired Papers: Letters from WSC to Lady Randolph Churchill. All items are manuscript and signed unless otherwise described. Several items relate to WSC's time in Bangalore, India as a subaltern in the 4th Hussars.

  Reference Description Date range  
CHAR 28/22/1-3

Letter from WSC (Tring Park, Tring [Hertfordshire]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: the names of those present at the party, [1st] Lord Rothschild, [Herbert] Asquith [later Lord Oxford and Asquith], [Arthur] Balfour, [Emmanuel] Underdown, and [Hubert] Howard; discussion of the probable punishment of Dr Jameson and of affairs in South Africa; WSC's objections to remarks made by [Joseph] Chamberlain and to disregard of [Cecil] Rhodes's position in conversations about South Africa.

3 folios
26 Jan [1896]
CHAR 28/22/4-6

Letter from WSC (35a Great Cumberland Place [London]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: discussion of financial affairs; concern at "Jack's" [John S Churchill's] illness; description of a dinner with "all the powers that be" including [Joseph] Chamberlain, Lord Wolseley, [Henry] Chaplin, Lord James and Sir Francis Jeune; observations on South African affairs and Cecil Rhodes' involvement; and a request to borrow money to buy a polo pony.

3 folios
01 May [1896]
CHAR 28/22/7-8

Letter from WSC (S S Britannia, between Malta and Alexandria [Egypt]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he describes the voyage which he compares favourably to his previous voyage across the Atlantic, comments on the "pitiful parsimony" of the Indian government in taxing his equipment, and asks her to send him some bezique cards.

2 folios
18 Sep [1896] - 20 Sep [1896]
CHAR 28/22/9

Letter from WSC (Port Said, [Egypt]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he comments on an "atrocious fraud" [perpetrated on them by James Cruickshank], encloses Egyptian stamps for "Jack" [John S Churchill] and describes Port Said as "dirty, squalid and uninteresting".

1 folio
21 Sep [1896]
CHAR 28/22/10

Letter from WSC (S S Britannia, In the Indian Ocean) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that he is looking forward to reaching India and describes sailing through the [Suez] canal and his intention to continue playing chess. He also reports that he spoke in a "Breach of Promise" case and was surprised by his success and that his speech impediment did not interfere with his speech, and comments on a fraud [perpetrated on them by James Cruickshank].

1 folio
30 Sep 1896 - 01 Oct [1896]
CHAR 28/22/11-13

Letter from WSC (Bangalore [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: the possibility of her getting her money back from [James] Cruickshank who had defrauded them; the arrival of a racing pony "Lily"; discussion of her objections to racing and a request that she should not force him to sell the horse; a description of his journey from Poona [India], where he met Lord Sandhurst, and of the bungalow, which he shares with Hugo [Baring] and [Reginald] Barnes, and domestic arrangements at Bangalore; the likelihood of a famine; a list of the items he would like her to send him; and an assertion that he is practically a teetotaller and a non-smoker "till sundown".

3 folios
14 Oct [1896]
CHAR 28/22/14

Letter from WSC (Bangalore [India]) to "Jack" [John S Churchill] in which he thanks him for his letter; contrasts India with the United States in terms of costs and climate; asks him to send him the Strand Magazine and a copy of the Pall Mall Magazine containing a letter from him; says that he intends to collect butterflies and gives an account of polo. He also instructs "Jack" to work at Harrow, commenting "There are great pleasures in life - to those who know the Latin or the Greek tongues well".

1 folio
15 Oct [1896]
CHAR 28/22/15

Letter from WSC (Bangalore [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he discusses the legal action to be taken over a fraud [perpetrated on them by James Cruickshank], comments on [Henry Dupre] Labouchere and [James] Welldon's opinions [about a scandal in the 4th Hussars in which WSC was implicated], describes his daily routine at Bangalore and says that he is looking forward to a shooting expedition with Hugo [Baring].

1 folio
21 Oct [1896]
CHAR 28/22/16-17

Letter from WSC (Bangalore [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that he approved of Sir A[lgernon] West's article about [Lord Randolph Churchill] which appeared in the Nineteenth Century although it made him feel "low and despondent" and comments on a "vicious and insulting" article in Truth [about a scandal in the 4th Hussars]. He reports that he has been occupied with catching butterflies, playing polo and hunting and has received a letter from [William] Bourke Cockran, discusses financial affairs, asks her to persuade others to write to him and comments on the dullness of the social circle in Bangalore.

2 folios
26 Oct [1896]
CHAR 28/22/18-23

Letter from WSC (Trimulgherry, Deccan [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he reports that he has travelled to Secunderabad to play polo and has met Pamela Plowden [later Lady Lytton] whom he describes as "the most beautiful girl I have ever seen"; describes the independent city of Hyderabad; and discusses financial affairs and the possible outcome of a fraud perpetrated on them by [James] Cruickshank. He expresses his frustration with life in India and asks for letters of introduction to make his time worthwhile and expresses admiration for [5th] Lord Rosebery; makes observations on British politics and discusses arrangements [for a headstone to Elizabeth Everest] and the sale of a horse.

7 folios
04 Nov [1896]
CHAR 28/22/24-25

Letter from WSC (Trimulgherry, Deccan [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he reports that his team won the polo tournament, comments on the amount of local interest in polo, and says that he would like her to take legal action on his behalf over an article by [Henry Dupre] Labouchere in Truth about WSC's activities regarding horse racing and explain his actions to [James] Welldon. He also describes a dinner with the Plowdens and a sightseeing visit with Pamela [Plowden, later Lady Lytton] and comments on his frustration with military life in India.

2 folios
12 Nov [1896]
CHAR 28/22/26-27

Letter from WSC (4th (Queens' Own) Hussars, Bangalore, Madras [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he advises her to prosecute [James] Cruickshank [for a fraud perpetrated on them]; asks her to take action against [Henry Dupre Labouchere] over an article in Truth [about a scandal in the 4th Hussars]; says that he does not intend to learn Hindustani; advises her to leave "Jack" [John S Churchill] at Harrow; says that his time in India might be valuable if he could meet the "right people" and complains that he lacks stimulation.

2 folios
18 Nov [1896]
CHAR 28/22/28-29

Letter from WSC (Bangalore, [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he thanks her for not forcing him to sell his racing pony; expresses his concern about Hugo [Baring] who is ill with fever; says that he hopes that the rain may alleviate the serious famine in India and that the high price of grain is leading to riots; asks her to come to visit him and to send him a copy of Macaulay's History of England and says that he is about to finish reading Gibbon and is glad that she enjoys his letters.

2 folios
24 Nov [1896]
CHAR 28/22/30-31

Letter from WSC (Bangalore, [India]) to "Jack" [John S Churchill] in which he apologises for not having the time to answer his letter, promises to send photographs and newspaper accounts of the Hyderabad Polo Cup, reports that he is entering horses in races wearing chocolate and pink colours and that "Jack" made a good impression on [Frederick] Baillie, says that he intends to have revenge on "Labby" [Henry Dupre Labouchere] for his insults [published in Truth magazine] and his disappointment at [James] Welldon's belief in "the tales of enemies".

2 folios
24 Nov [1896]
CHAR 28/22/32-33

Letter from WSC (Bangalore, [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that he does not intend to be a professional soldier and therefore would like either to enjoy himself or "see active service" and that he would like further details about the possibility of going to Egypt with [Sir Herbert] Kitchener and expresses his gratitude for his mother's actions on his behalf. He discusses the anniversary of the battle in which he participated in Cuba.

2 folios
02 Dec [1896]
CHAR 28/22/34-35

Letter from WSC (Bangalore, [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he says that he has injured his knee as a result of a practical joke; thanks her for sending him o50; reports that he has received a letter from [Frances, Duchess of Marlborough]; says that he is impatient to hear details about the possibility of going to Egypt [with Sir Herbert Kitchener]; discusses a future [?polo] tournament, the kindness of "Bill" [Lord William] Beresford and an argument between "Sunny" [Charles, 8th Duke of Marlborough] and Duchess Lily [Lady William Beresford, formerly Lilian, Duchess of Marlborough]; and makes observations on the importance of having an unequalled navy and objections to [Henry, 5th] Lord Lansdowne's speech [as Secretary of State for War] on increasing the army.

2 folios
08 Dec [1896]
CHAR 28/22/36

Letter from WSC (Bangalore, [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he asks her to use her influence regarding the possibility of his going to Egypt with [Sir Herbert Kitchener] and says that he has made an application to join the expedition. He discusses a visit to Calcutta [India] to watch horse races; comments on the long distances which are travelled in India; reports that he is arguing with [James] Welldon about Christian missions and that he is enjoying their correspondence.

1 folio
16 Dec 1896
CHAR 28/22/37

Letter from WSC (Continental Hotel, Calcutta [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he describes Calcutta as "very full of supremely interesting people" although he wishes to leave the country whenever "confronted with the spectacle of the Anglo-Indian at home", reports that he is still lame, comments on pictures of the Christmas celebrations at Blenheim Palace and discusses the possibility of serving in Egypt [with Sir Herbert Kitchener] which would give him the opportunity to "beat my sword into a paper cutter &my sabretache into an election address".

1 folio
23 Dec [1896]