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CHAR 2/71 Public and political: general: correspondence.

  Reference Description Date range  
CHAR 2/71/1-3

Letter from WSC (6th Royal Scots Fusiliers in the field) to David Lloyd George on Lloyd George's political position and the discouraging war situation from the British point of view. Asserts that the position would have been much better if either Lloyd George or WSC had had their way about Salonika [Greece] or the Dardanelles early in 1915, and wonders whether there is to be a costly campaign in the Balkans. Typescript copy. Manuscript drafts at CHAR 2/71/4-5.

3 folios
25 Jan 1916
CHAR 2/71/4

Draft in WSC's hand of CHAR 2/71/1-3.

1 folio
25 Jan 1916
CHAR 2/71/5

Draft in WSC's hand of CHAR 2/71/1-3.

1 folio
25 Jan 1916
CHAR 2/71/6-9

Notes in WSC's hand considering the possibility of a renewed German attack on Russia and arguing that it would be in Germany's interests to harness Turkey and the forces of Islam in Asia to strike against Britain and Russia.

4 folios
[Jan] [1916]
CHAR 2/71/10-12

Typescript copy of CHAR 2/71/6-9.

3 folios
[Jan] [1916]
CHAR 2/71/13

Letter from Lord Wimborne [2nd baron, later 1st viscount] [earlier Ivor Guest and Lord Ashby St Ledgers] (Wimborne House, Arlington Street, [London]) to WSC on: the stalemate in the war; the task of reconstruction after it is over; the increasing prominence of women and the imminent disappearance of the press.

1 folio
15 Feb 1916
CHAR 2/71/14

Letter from Eustace Tennyson-d'Eyncourt (Admiralty) to WSC reporting on the successful trials of the first "landship" (or tank).

1 folio
14 Feb 1916
CHAR 2/71/15

Letter from WSC (41 Cromwell Road) to Lord Kitchener asking to be relieved of his army command because he has decided to devote his attention to parliamentary and public business. Draft in WSC's hand. Typescript copy at CHAR 2/71/27.

1 folio
08 Mar 1916
CHAR 2/71/16

Note from WSC to [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] asking whether a letter from WSC [to Sir Frederick Cawley, later Lord Cawley] [see CHAR 2/71/21-22] will pass the censor. Reply by Asquith that if the letter is sent within the House of Commons no difficulty can arise. Typescript copy at CHAR 2/71/26.

1 folio
[Mar] [1916]
CHAR 2/71/17-18

Draft in WSC's hand of CHAR 2/71/21-22.

2 folios
[11] [Mar] [1916]
CHAR 2/71/19-20

Draft in WSC's hand of CHAR 2/71/21-22.

2 folios
[11] [Mar] [1916]
CHAR 2/71/21-22

Letter from WSC (House of Commons) to Sir Frederick Cawley [later Lord Cawley] stating that he has decided to apply to be relieved of his army command in order to resume parliamentary duties, and listing eight points relating to the naval ship-building programme, the composition of the Board of Admiralty and the management of the Naval Air Service which he thinks that the Liberal War Committee should take note of. Typescript copy. Other copies at CHAR 2/71/23-24, 28-29. Manuscript drafts at CHAR 2/71/17-20.

2 folios
11 Mar 1916
CHAR 2/71/23-25

Another copy of CHAR 2/71/21-22.

2 folios
[11] [Mar] [1916]
CHAR 2/71/26

Typescript copy of CHAR 2/71/16.

1 folio
[Mar] [1916]
CHAR 2/71/27

Typescript copy of CHAR 2/71/15.

1 folio
08 Mar 1916
CHAR 2/71/28-29

Another copy of CHAR 2/71/21-22.

2 folios
11 Mar 1916
CHAR 2/71/30

Letter from [WSC] (41 Cromwell Road, South Kensington, [London]) to Sir Henry Dalziel [later Lord Dalziel] enclosing a press notice [not present] [? on his decision to return to his parliamentary duties]. Typescript copy.

1 folio
13 Mar 1916
CHAR 2/71/31-33

Letter from Sir Edward Carson (Zeidab, Birchington on Sea, [Kent]) to WSC advising him that he should be able to show a very good reason for returning to his parliamentary duties, and referring to the work of the Unionist War Committee.

3 folios
23 Mar 1916
CHAR 2/71/34

Letter from WSC (6th Royal Scots Fusiliers in the field) to [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] thanking him for giving him time to consider his future and confirming his decision to return to his parliamentary duties. Copy in WSC's hand.

1 folio
24 Mar 1916
CHAR 2/71/35

Note from "G D M" to CSC referring to CHAR 2/71/34.

1 folio
[Mar] [1916]
CHAR 2/71/36-38

Letter from J L Garvin (9 Greville Place, [London]) to CSC regretting that though Waldorf Astor [later 2nd Lord Astor of Hever Castle] is friendly to WSC he does not want the "Observer" actively to promote him politically. Advises that WSC should bide his time on returning to public life and await his inevitable return to a position of influence.

3 folios
28 Mar 1916
CHAR 2/71/39

Letter from Sir Edward Carson [later Lord Carson] (5 Eaton Place, [London]) to WSC announcing the intention of the Unionist War Committee to raise the question of compulsory military service and expressing doubt as to whether the coalition Government can continue in its present form. Signed typescript.

1 folio
06 Apr 1916
CHAR 2/71/40

Letter from "Fred" [F E Smith, later 1st Lord Birkenhead] (Carlton Club, Pall Mall, [London]) to WSC advising him not to commit himself politically until it is clear what form the Government is to take.

1 folio
06 Apr 1916
CHAR 2/71/41

Letter from [WSC] to [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] confirming his decision [to return to his parliamentary duties] and asking Asquith to take the necessary steps to give effect to his wishes. Typescript copy. Annotated: "2nd letter".

1 folio
12 Apr 1916
CHAR 2/71/42-43

Letter from C P Scott (The Firs, Fallowfield, Manchester) to WSC reporting that David Lloyd George is about to resign from the Cabinet on the question of compulsory military service and hoping that WSC will join Lloyd George and Sir Edward Carson [later Lord Carson] in opposition, which will create the conditions for a "real reconstruction". Expresses agreement with WSC's letter on the need to promote unity in Europe and reports that Lloyd George has done so as well.

2 folios
16 Apr 1916
CHAR 2/71/44-45

Letter from "Archie" [Sir Archibald Sinclair, later Lord Thurso] to WSC noting that Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] has managed to continue as Prime Minister [by introducing a conscription bill] and criticising those ministers who had previously opposed him for placing the preservation of the Cabinet before their own principles. Thinks WSC will join [Sir Edward Carson, later Lord Thurso] but not [David Lloyd George] on the Opposition front bench. Discusses his own future with his regiment.

2 folios
22 Apr 1916
CHAR 2/71/46

Letter from [Edward Marsh] (10 Downing Street) to WSC reporting on the response of the Adjutant-General [Sir Henry Sclater] to WSC's idea of substitutes for servants, cooks and teamsters for the army, which has been put to Sclater by Frederick Maurice.

1 folio
18 May [1916]
CHAR 2/71/47-48

Letter from Lord Curzon (1 Carlton House Terrace, [London]) to WSC asking him to give advice to the Air Board.

2 folios
25 May 1916
CHAR 2/71/49

Letter from Lord Curzon (1 Carlton House Terrace, [London]) to WSC assuring him that his criticism of WSC [over the Air Board] was not meant seriously and suggesting a date for WSC to come and advise the Board.

1 folio
26 May 1916
CHAR 2/71/50

Letter from Mrs Thomas McKee (152 Garngad Hill, Townhead, Glasgow, [Scotland]) to WSC explaining that her husband has been sent to serve in France again despite having already been wounded and asking whether WSC can help to get the order rescinded as they have a family of six small children.

1 folio
31 May 1916
CHAR 2/71/51

Note by Edward Marsh on Colonial Office paper: "keep with Naval papers.".

1 folio
c 1916
CHAR 2/71/52-54

Press statement by WSC giving an optimistic assessment of the result of the Battle of Jutland. Annotated typescript.

3 folios
03 Jun 1916
CHAR 2/71/55

Letter from March, Pearson and Akenhead, solicitors (22 Booth Street, Manchester) to [WSC] hoping that "some suitable sphere" may be found in the Army for Walter Pownall, chairman of W &H Pownall Ltd of Stockport Road, Manchester. Signed typescript.

1 folio
05 Jun 1916
CHAR 2/71/56

Letter from H Pownall (W &H Pownall Ltd, Daisy Bank Works, Stockport Road, Manchester) to WSC asking him to help Walter Pownall, the managing director of the firm, to obtain an Army commission. Signed typescript.

1 folio
06 Jun 1916
CHAR 2/71/57

Letter from [WSC] (41 Cromwell Road) to Lord Northcliffe [earlier Sir Alfred Harmsworth] returning a statuette [of Napoleon] which Northcliffe had given him, explaining that Northcliffe's attack on him means that it can no longer be regarded as a token of friendship. Copy in WSC's hand.

1 folio
06 Jun 1916
CHAR 2/71/58

Letter from [WSC] (Blenheim Palace) to Lord Northcliffe [earlier Sir Alfred Harmsworth] accepting his expression of regret [about an attack on WSC which had prompted WSC to return a statuette which Northcliffe had given to him]. Copy in WSC's hand.

1 folio
09 Jun 1916
CHAR 2/71/59

Letter from Lord Reading [earlier Sir Rufus Isaacs] (Fox Hill, Reading, [Berkshire]) to WSC reporting David Lloyd George's favourable response to the suggestion that WSC succeed him as Minister of Munitions.

1 folio
14 Jun 1916
CHAR 2/71/60

Letter from Mrs G Gillespie (Burton Lodge, Lygon Road, Edinburgh, [Scotland]) to WSC complaining that her son will probably be sent into active service again despite having been seriously wounded.

1 folio
23 Jun 1916
CHAR 2/71/61-62

Letter from Lord Haldane [earlier Richard Haldane] (28 Queen Anne's Gate, Westminster, [London]) to WSC praising his articles [in the Sunday Pictorial] on the events leading up to the war and describing how the Kaiser [Wilhelm II] went over to the war party in Germany and how he (Haldane) had agreed with the objections of the General Staff to the raising of a Continental Army. Praises WSC's work in preparing the Navy and says he will embody the story of it in his "secret memoirs founded on the papers.".

2 folios
15 Jul 1916
CHAR 2/71/63-64

Letter from Lance Corporal Urquhart (28th Company, Machine Gun Corps, 9th Division, British Expeditionary Force, France) to WSC complaining that he and others have served at the Front for too long.

2 folios
[Jul] [1916]
CHAR 2/71/65-66

Letter from Major E Booth (British Expeditionary Force) to WSC endorsing his remarks [in his speech in the House of Commons on the supplementary vote of credit] on the rifle and ration strength of army battalions and advocating a reduction in the strength of the ASC and an examination of the question of horse and car transport in the Army.

2 folios
28 Jul 1916
CHAR 2/71/67

Letter from Lord Haldane [earlier Richard Haldane] (28 Queen Anne's Gate, Westminster, [London]) to WSC praising [an article by WSC on the military organisation before the war] and reporting that he is to dine with Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith].

1 folio
28 Jul 1916
CHAR 2/71/68-69

Letter from Adam Darling (Bondington, Berwick-on-Tweed, [Northumberland]) to WSC supporting WSC's criticism of army administration, in particular the sending of previously wounded soldiers back to the Front before those who have not yet seen action. Signed typescript.

2 folios
26 Jul 1916
CHAR 2/71/70-72

Letter from Lieutenant-Colonel Frederick Newell (Special Hospital for Officers, 11 Palace Green, Kensington, [London]) to WSC supporting his efforts to ensure that the fighting strength of a battalion is the same as its "ration strength" and complaining about the lessening of such fighting strengths arising from the use of fit and fully trained men in non front line roles and by unnecessary training courses.

3 folios
01 Aug 1916
CHAR 2/71/73

Letter from (4 St James' Square, [London]) to WSC enclosing a document "to give you ideas for the future when the matter comes up." Signed typescript.

1 folio
24 Aug 1916
CHAR 2/71/74-80

Report by Eustace Tennyson D'Eyncourt, Director of Naval Construction (Admiralty), on the development of the tank. Typescript.

7 folios
18 Sep 1916
CHAR 2/71/81

Letter from Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (Windlesham, Crowborough, [Sussex]) to WSC on his (Doyle's) idea of protective plates for soldiers.

1 folio
04 Oct 1916
CHAR 2/71/82-84

Letter from H J Maguire, a member of the Army Educational Department (Redcote, Pinhoe, Exeter, [Devon]), to WSC complaining that he has not been accepted for active service despite volunteering and being young and fit, and urging WSC to press for "a general clear-out of the younger men in all the non-combatant branches of the army.".

3 folios
25 Jul 1916
CHAR 2/71/85-86

Complaint from a member of a battalion which is trained and willing to serve at the Front but has remained at home whilst other less suitable men have been sent abroad. Typescript.

2 folios
[Jul] [1916]
CHAR 2/71/87-89

Letter from Private H Waterlow (Officers' Mess, Buller Barracks, Aldershot, [Hampshire]) to WSC complaining of the excessive number of men performing domestic duties in the mess who could be on active service.

3 folios
07 Jun 1916
CHAR 2/71/90-91

Suggested procedures for including service voters on the register and for holding an election during the war. Typescript.

2 folios
[Jul] [1916]
CHAR 2/71/92

Letter from George Porter (Chase Terrace, near Walsall, [Staffordshire]) to WSC thanking him for his efforts to get leave granted to men who have served for a long time at the Front.

1 folio
31 Jul 1916
CHAR 2/71/93

Page from the Daily Mail including editorial asserting that ministers should concentrate on recruiting more men for the forces and not meddle with the operational conduct of the war. Cites the Antwerp and Dardanelles campaigns as examples of the ill effects of such meddling.

1 folio
13 Oct 1916
CHAR 2/71/94-95

Letter from Nicolas Pogolski (415 2nd Street, NW, Washington DC, [United States]) to WSC enclosing and commenting on a note by him on the cause of the current deadlock in the war and the means of ending it [see CHAR 2/71/96- 102]. Signed typescript.

2 folios
08 Nov 1916
CHAR 2/71/96-102

Memorandum by Nicolas Pogolski [of Washington DC, United States] "on the causes of the deadlock in the present trench-warfare and the means to end it." Typescript. Sent with CHAR 2/71/94-95.

7 folios
[Nov] [1916]
CHAR 2/71/103

Letter from Charles de Broqueville, Belgian Minister for War, to WSC answering in detail WSC's questions about events in the war in Belgium in October 1914. In French.

1 folio
15 Nov 1916
CHAR 2/71/104

Letter from Lord Rothermere [earlier Harold Harmsworth] (the Fleetway House, Farringdon Street, [London]) to WSC enclosing and commenting on a letter on the members of the Belgian army interned in the Netherlands [see CHAR 2/71/105-106]. Signed typescript.

1 folio
17 Nov 1916
CHAR 2/71/105-106

Letter from Madame G M Bassinne Neve le Hon (4 Cornwall Gardens, South Kensington, [London]) to 1st Lord Rothermere [earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] suggesting that WSC raise the issue of the Belgian officers and men interned in the Netherlands and enclosing a copy of a related newspaper article [see CHAR 2/71/107-115]. Typescript copy. Sent with CHAR 2/71/104.

2 folios
12 Nov 1916
CHAR 2/71/107-113

Letter published in the Echo Belge from "Commandant X" [Maurice Genard] to "a Citizen of Antwerp" praising the efforts of the Belgian army in October 1914 and explaining why Antwerp was allowed to be bombarded and why part of its garrison was interned in the Netherlands. Typescript translation. Sent with CHAR 2/71/105-106.

7 folios
10 Oct [1916]
CHAR 2/71/114-115

Extract from a letter urging that WSC be persuaded to defend the members of the Antwerp [Belgium] garrison interned in the Netherlands after the fall of that city. Typescript.

2 folios
[Oct] [1916]
CHAR 2/71/116-122

Account in French [by Andrew M Gevers] of the fall of Antwerp [Belgium] and the role of WSC in the attempts to save it. Signed carbon copy without first page at CHAR 2/71/124-129.

7 folios
[Oct] [1916]
CHAR 2/71/123

Letter from 4th Lord Salisbury (20 Arlington Street, [London]) to WSC thanking him for a paper lamenting the cost in lives and other resources of the slowness in official circles to accept new ideas.

1 folio
27 Nov 1916
CHAR 2/71/124-129

Signed carbon copy of CHAR 2/71/116-122 without the first page.

6 folios
[Oct] [1916]
CHAR 2/71/130-133

Letter from Comte de Bresson (7 Rue Charon, Paris, [France]) to WSC enclosing a report on the importance of Greece in the war [see CHAR 2/71/134-147]. Proposes the replacement of the pro-German King Constantine with the second son of King Albert of the Belgians supported by a council composed of Venizelos, Coundouriotis and Danglis, and the formation of a Greek naval force to deal with German submarine attacks. Signed typescript. In French.

4 folios
07 Dec 1916
CHAR 2/71/134-147

Report on the internal and external position of Greece immediately preceding and during the war. Typescript copy. In French. Sent with CHAR 2/71/130-133.

14 folios
10 Nov 1916
CHAR 2/71/148-149

Letter from the Comte de Bresson (7 Rue Choron, [Paris, France]) to WSC enclosing and commenting on notes on Greece submitted to the Prime Minister of France [see CHAR 2/71/150-153], stressing the necessity from the Allies' point of view of removing King Constantine, lamenting the functionary spirit which currently characterises the French war effort, calling for vigorous efforts by the Allies in April, and warning that the Germans are building a submarine fleet with a view to cutting off supplies to the Allies in the Spring. Signed typescript. In French.

2 folios
08 Dec 1916
CHAR 2/71/150

Note [submitted to the Prime Minister of France] on the need for the Allies, with the help of the government at Salonika [Greece], to eliminate from Athens the pro-German influence of King Constantine and Queen Sophie. Typescript copy. In French. Sent with CHAR 2/71/148-149.

1 folio
21 Oct 1916
CHAR 2/71/151

Note [submitted to the Prime Minister of France] arguing for the recognition of the Greek government at Salonika under Eleutherios Venizelos. Typescript copy. In French. Sent with CHAR 2/71/148-149.

1 folio
21 Oct 1916
CHAR 2/71/152-153

Note on the ill effects from the Allies' point of view which would follow the threatened Austro-German invasion of Rumania, the vital importance of arresting King Constantine and Queen Sophie of Greece and their pro-German adherents, Greek anti-Italian sentiment, and the need for the Allies to recognise the government of Eleutherios Venizelos at Salonika. Typescript. In French. Sent with CHAR 2/71/148-149.

2 folios
15 Oct 1916
CHAR 2/71/154

Note on the career of Faust Lurion, a Frenchman who was governor of Mesopotamia under Soliman Pacha, and his discovery among personal papers of the Sultan of a report on the rich resources of coal, oil and minerals discovered on a journey of exploration in the part of Asia Minor between the Sea of Marmora and Baghdad undertaken by a leading Turk accompanied by German engineers. Typescript. In French.

1 folio
[Oct] [1916]
CHAR 2/71/155

Text of a proposed proclamation to the people of Greece following an Anglo-French occupation of Athens. Typescript. In French.

1 folio
29 May 1916