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CHAR 2/572A-B Public and Political: General: Correspondence, A-B.

  Reference Description Date range  
CHAR 2/572/103

Letter from [Arthur] Neville Chamberlain (37 Eaton Square [London]) to WSC, thanking him for sending him a copy of his new book [? "My Early Life"]. Chamberlain says that he's heard it is one of WSC's best and is looking forward to reading it, but adds that he can't get it away from his wife, who isn't well and has been confined to her room for some days. Chamberlain also states that he had seen WSC's recent letter to Stanley Baldwin [on Protectionism], and fears that WSC wouldn't like the letter to 1st Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Max Aitken] which would appear in the press the following day, though it would say nothing that had not been implied in a previous statement [by Baldwin and Chamberlain]. Chamberlain hopes that WSC would consider the situation very carefully before taking any irrevocable action. He explains that they were not committed to taxing foreign foodstuffs, (though such taxes must be involved in any arrangement with the Dominions), and believes that taxation was probably not the answer for staple foods, or would at least be only on a low scale. He further states that wheat would probably be dealt with by quota, which would be good for Canada, while there was no strong call for tax on meat; bacon would not be taxed so highly that it would exclude Danish imports until Britain could make up the supply. Chamberlain assures WSC that he didn't think there was any reason to fear wholesale or high taxation on foodstuffs, at least not for a long time. He concludes by hoping that whatever WSC decided to do, they would not be driven into opposite camps, when there was so much that they did agree on. Signed manuscript.

1 folio
21 Oct 1930
CHAR 2/572/104-105

Copy of letter from WSC to Stanley Baldwin on the Conservative Party's latest manifesto on tariff reform. WSC feels that the policy has been expressed in very general terms which means that it is capable of being interpreted in different ways. He expresses his opposition to the 'protective taxation of staple foods, by which I mean particularly wheat or other cereals, beef, mutton, bacon and milk' because he does not believe that the Dominions would offer any opportunities for British manufacturers. Although WSC intends to make his views on this issue public he expresses his intention to work hard for the Conservative Party and finishes by criticising intrigue within the party.

Unsigned typescript copy.

2 folios
16 Oct 1930
CHAR 2/572/76-77

Copy of letter from WSC to Stanley Baldwin resigning from Baldwin's "Business Committee" [Shadow Cabinet] because the differences in their views on Indian policy have become public. He expresses hope that their friendship may continue despite these differences and pledges support to defeat the Socialist government in the next general election.

Copy of reply from Stanley Baldwin to WSC thanking him for his letter and expressing approval for the reason for his resignation. Baldwin agrees that they should work together to defeat the government and concludes by commenting on the strength of their friendship "Our friendship is now too deeply rooted to be affected by differences of opinion whether temporary or permanent".

Typescript annotated in pencil "For Friday's papers".

2 folios
27-28 Jan 1931
CHAR 2/572/84-85

Copy of a letter from WSC to "S.B." [Stanley Baldwin] on various subjects including: thanks for Baldwin's comments on the proofs of WSC's memoirs [The World Crisis]; hope that the book will do well; his concerns about India and the support he has received for his views in response to his speeches; and a plea that Baldwin will not allow his friendship with Lord Irwin [earlier Edward Wood, later Lord Halifax] to affect his judgement or the action of the Conservative Party on the issue. WSC states "I must confess myself to care more about this business than anything else in public life" and concludes by inviting him [to Chartwell] because "When the sun shines I would rather be here than anywhere in the world." Carbon typescript.

2 folios
24 Sep 1930
CHAR 2/572/88-91

Copy of a letter from WSC to Lord Irwin [earlier Edward Wood, later Lord Halifax, Viceroy of India] expressing unhappiness about Irwin's declaration [relating to Dominion status for India] and it being endorsed by Stanley Baldwin. WSC expresses his conviction of growing resistance to Indian nationalism in Great Britain and in the need for the Conservative Party to oppose the Labour Party on the issue. WSC argues that India is a different case to Egypt and Ireland and urges Irwin to have confidence in the British Empire, predicting that the situation in India would be worse than in China due to the 'far weaker and less capable races of India' and that Britain could resume direct administration of 'every branch of the Indian services'.

Unsigned carbon typescript.

4 folios
Jan 1930