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CHAR 13/8 Official: Admiralty: Correspondence and Memoranda.

  Reference Description Date range  
CHAR 13/8/1

Letter from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to Herbert Asquith, Prime Minister [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] on approval by King George V of changes to constitution and composition of the Board of Admiralty, and the appointment of Sir Francis Hopwood [later 1st Lord Southborough] as Additional Civil Lord, and his intention to make the changes as quickly as possible [incomplete typescript draft, with ms annotations by WSC].

1 folio
01 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/2

Letter from Herbert Asquith, Prime Minister, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, passing on letter from Admiral Sir Alfred Winsloe, a cousin of Margot Asquith, and an "able man".

1 folio
01 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/3

Letter from Captain George Ballard, Admiralty, to James Masterton Smith, Private Secretary to First Lord, commenting on correspondence, which was hardly worth "wasting ammunition on", attaching some notes for WSC [not present], stating that he had purposely kept them brief, as it was best to deal with "those sort of people in summary fashion".

1 folio
01 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/4-8

Letter from J L Garvin, Pall Mall Gazette, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, enclosing paper, "Cromwell and the Navy", giving a summary of the Commonwealth's Naval achievements.

5 folios
02 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/9

Letter from Archibald Hurd, Downshire Hill, Hampstead, London, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, thanks for sending copy of his "masterly memorandum", and praising him on the appointment of the Additional Civil Lord, Sir Francis Hopwood [later 1st Lord Southborough].

1 folio
03 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/10

Letter from Sir Francis Hopwood [later 1st Lord Southborough], (Reform Club, London) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, recommending delaying publication of his War Staff proposals until after the German elections, as they would certainly be distorted and used for election purposes.

1 folio
04 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/11

Letter from Lewis Harcourt, Colonial Office, to WSC, protesting about the Admiralty communicating directly with the Canadian Government though the High Commission in London, on the storage of fuel at Halifax, Nova Scotia, stating that such communications should go through the Colonial Office.

1 folio
06 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/12

Note from Edward Marsh, Private Secretary to WSC to the Secretary, Admiralty, asking for comment on letter from Lewis Harcourt, Colonial Office.

1 folio
08 Jan [1912]
CHAR 13/8/13

Minute from the Secretary, Admiralty, to the Private Office to the First Lord [WSC], commenting on letter from Lewis Harcourt, Colonial Office, protesting about the Admiralty's direct negotiation with the Government of Canada over oil storage facilities, rather than working through the Colonial Office.

1 folio
12 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/14

Letter from Spenser Wilkinson (Oakley St. Chelsea, London) to WSC, on his articles on the Royal Navy for the Morning Post.

1 folio
07 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/15

Cutting from "The Times", statement by WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on changes to the Board of Admiralty and the creation of the Admiralty War Staff.

1 folio
08 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/16

Letter from Spenser Wilkinson to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, thanks for sending him copy of official paper on the creation of the Naval War Staff, hoping for meeting to discuss the matter with him.

1 folio
08 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/17

Letter from Arthur Balfour (Whittingehame, Prestonkirk [East Lothian, Scotland]), to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, thanks for sending copy of paper on creation of Naval War Staff, stating that it would be a great advance in War organisation, also on home defence, stating that the advent of the submarine had modified Britain's needs, rejecting the idea of separate flotillas.

1 folio
09 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/18-23

Letter from Admiral Sir George King-Hall, Commander in Chief, Australia Station, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the rum ration in the Royal Navy, advocating scheme to give 1d a day to sailors who voluntarily stopped their rum ration, pointing out that a large percentage of men "gave away or sold their grog", enclosing typescript copy of letter to the Secretary of the Admiralty, dated 14 Mar 1911, on the rum ration, particularly the statistics compiled by Captain Ogilvy of HMS Natal, on loss of efficiency due to the issue of grog.

6 folios
09 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/24-26

Submission from Captain J Rynes, Admiralty Yacht, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, with proposed list of names for eight new light cruisers "Arethusa" class.

2 folios
16 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/27

Minute by Sir James Marshall, Director of Dockyard Work, Admiralty, on employment of Apprentices and Boys in HM Dockyards.

1 folio
23 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/28

Minute from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to Prince Louis of Battenberg, [later 1st Lord Milford Haven], 1st Sea Lord, invitation to breakfast with Eleutherios Venizelos, Prime Minister of Greece, and David Lloyd George, Chancellor of the Exchequer, to discuss the "dangerous possibilities between Greece and Turkey", with note of Battenberg's reply, accepting.

1 folio
21 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/29-31

Letter from Field Marshal 1st Lord Roberts (Englemere, Ascot, Berkshire) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the Army's preparedness for war, stating that in the Summer of 1911, when Britain "stood on the edge of war", it was an open secret that the Regular Army was not ready, that the men were ill armed, and there were serious shortages in officers, horses and ammunition, and that the Territorial Force was quite unsuited to the task assigned to it. Praising WSC's for behaving "like a Statesman", and realising the gravity of the situation, and his changes on the Board of Admiralty, also stating that he could not forget that he was writing to the son of the man responsible for his selection as C. in C. in India [Lord Randolph Churchill], and for that reason, "if for no other, I would like to see you take the lead in serving our country".

3 folios
21 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/32

Letter from 1st Lord Haldane [Secretary of State for War] to WSC, on letter from 1st Lord Roberts on the Army's preparedness for war.

1 folio
23 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/33

Letter from William Gibbs to WSC on army reform.

1 folio
20 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/34

Letter from Field Marshal 1st Lord Roberts (Englemere, Ascot, Berkshire) to WSC on compulsory military service.

1 folio
25 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/35

Letter from WSC, Admiralty, to Field Marshal 1st Lord Roberts on compulsory military service, in peacetime. WSC argues that a force of 70,000, as proposed by Roberts would be too small, and a larger force would be difficult to maintain, but agreeing that the question should be decided on broader and less technical grounds [hand-written copy].

1 folio
27 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/36

Minute from Prince Louis of Battenberg [later 1st Lord Milford Haven, 1st Sea Lord] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on organisation of the Home Fleet, arguing that the Commander in Chief should not be placed in direct command of a Division of the Fleet, urging that a Vice-Admiral should be placed in charge of the 1st Division, Home Fleet.

1 folio
25 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/37-44

Letter from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to Louis Harcourt, Colonial Office, asking for discussion on the Colonial Navies, stating that the principle of local Navies was "thoroughly vicious, and no responsible sailor can be found who has a word to say in favour of it" [typescript draft, with hand-written note asking for comment, initialled by WSC].

8 folios
29 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/45-46

Letter from Sir Francis Hopwood [later 1st Lord Southborough] Assistant Civil Lord, Admiralty, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on desirability of maintaining correspondence with Commanders in Chief, as it was important for him to know the thoughts and opinions of the top man in each unit.

2 folios
31 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/47-54

Letter from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to Louis Harcourt, Colonial Office, asking for discussion on the Colonial Navies, stating that the principle of local Navies was "thoroughly vicious, and no responsible sailor can be found who has a word to say in favour of it" [typescript draft, with hand-written note asking for comment, initialled by WSC].

8 folios
29 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/55

Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Sir Joseph Ward, Prime Minister of New Zealand, stating that if there were further increases to the German Naval Building Programme, the Admiralty wished to transfer the battle cruiser HMS New Zealand from the China Station to the Home Fleet for service in the North Sea, and that if the New Zealand Government approved, the armoured cruiser Defence would be sent to the China Station, and HMS Zew Zealand would have a three month visit to the Dominion from October 1912, before taking up duties with the Home Fleet [carbon].

1 folio
[Jan] [1912]
CHAR 13/8/56

Letter from Lewis Harcourt, Colonial Office, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, admitting the desirability of transferring the battle cruiser "New Zealand" from the China Station to the Home Fleet, for service in the Home Fleet, but requesting that the matter be brought before the Cabinet, because of opposition from the New Zealand Government, and possible adverse press publicity, with manuscript note by WSC, that he did not feel it worthwhile to start a long Cabinet discussion, and that he wished to raise the question as part of a general discussion on the Naval Estimates, and that if Germany abandoned naval increases in the North Sea "we will try to do without the ship".

1 folio
01 Feb 1912
CHAR 13/8/57

Letter from Sir William White [former Director of Naval Construction] (Cedarcroft, Putney Heath [London]) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, suggesting meeting.

1 folio
02 Jan 1912
CHAR 13/8/58

Letter from 1st Lord Haldane (28 Queen Anne's Gate, [War Office]) to WSC, asking for details of Britain's shipbuilding programme, and a note of additional ships and money that would be required if the new German Naval Law was adopted, and asking if Britain could have any reasonable objections to the new German Squadron in full commission.

1 folio
05 Feb 1912
CHAR 13/8/59

Telegram from Albert Ballin to Sir Ernest Cassel on the German Naval Law [translation from German, with manuscript note from Cassel to WSC, stating that he had sent a copy to 1st Lord Haldane, Secretary of State for War.

1 folio
05 Feb 1912
CHAR 13/8/60

Letter from Sir Charles Ottley, Committee of Imperial Defence, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the protection of the coal supplies of the Royal Navy, which had been referred to the Home Ports Defence Committee.

1 folio
05 Feb 1912
CHAR 13/8/61

Letter from Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] (Queen Anne's Gate, London) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on visits to Norway by ships of the Royal Navy, stating that British warships would comply with rules of the Norwegian Government, but would expect the same rules to apply to warships from other powers.

1 folio
06 Feb 1912
CHAR 13/8/62

Note by WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty on visits by Royal Navy ships to Norwegian waters.

1 folio
10 Feb 1912
CHAR 13/8/63-70

Letter from Admiral Sir Alfred Winsloe, C. in C., China Station, Shanghai, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the political and military situation in China, also praising him for the creation of the Admiralty War Staff [original ms, with typed transcript, annotated by WSC, asking Vice-Admiral David Beatty to draft a reply].

8 folios
09 Feb [1912]
CHAR 13/8/71

Minute from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to the Controller of the Navy, asking about fitting of anti-rolling tanks to warships [hand-written, initialled by WSC].

1 folio
10 Feb 1912
CHAR 13/8/72-74

Minute by Prince Louis of Battenberg, [later 1st Lord Milford Haven] 2nd Sea Lord, stating that nuclear manned ships should not be counted in for official purposes, as they were often away from the ports where there balance crews were located, and that their efficiency depended on these absences.

3 folios
12 Feb 1912
CHAR 13/8/75

Minute by WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the new German Navy Law, which required the formation of an additional battle squadron in home waters, stating that we could not afford to keep fully commissioned battleships abroad during these "years of tension", and that in the first ten days of war it would be necessary to develop maximum naval power in the North Sea and the English Channel [ms copy, initialled by WSC].

1 folio
15 Feb 1912
CHAR 13/8/76

Letter from Lord Crewe [Secretary of State for India] (India Office) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on arrangements for answering Admiralty questions in the House of Lords following the resignation of Lord Carrington [later 1st Lord Lincolnshire] as Lord Privy Seal, stressing the need to get a "good man", who could hold his own against [2nd] Lord Selborne, recommending [2nd] Lord Herschell or [1st] Lord Willingdon [earlier Freeman Freeman-Thomas].

1 folio
16 Feb 1912
CHAR 13/8/77

Letter from Major-General Aylmer Haldane (Head Quarters, Eastern Command, Horse Guards, London) to Edward Marsh, Admiralty, on appointment to see WSC.

1 folio
21 Feb 1912
CHAR 13/8/78

Minute from Commander Tufton Beamish, Assistant to Chief of War Staff, Admiralty, to Edward Marsh, confirming that Russian naval pamphlets had been sent for translation and copies for Lord Charles Beresford would be sent as soon as possible.

1 folio
22 Feb [1912]
CHAR 13/8/79-80

Letter from Admiral Lord Charles Beresford (Great Cumberland Place, London) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, account of visit to Russia, particularly visits to the Russian Admiralty, commenting on their decision to establish a War Staff after the Russo-Japanese War.

2 folios
19 Feb 1912
CHAR 13/8/81

Letter from W Graham Greene, Secretary, Board of Admiralty, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on meeting with the Law Officers to discuss the arrest of the Stoker of HMS Foxhound on the grounds of the incriminating letter received by him, stating that the Law Officers felt that there was a case for a trial under the Official Secrets Act.

1 folio
22 Feb 1912
CHAR 13/8/82

Letter from Lewis Harcourt, Colonial Office, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on request for a naval vessel to visit Somaliland, stating that a visit of a few days would not be sufficient, as the Governor wanted the ship to go round the South East Coast, and to inform him by wireless about the movement of the Mullahs.

1 folio
25 Feb 1912
CHAR 13/8/83

Letter from [1st] Lord Stamfordham [earlier Sir Arthur Bigge] Private Secretary to King George V (Buckingham Palace) to WSC First Lord of the Admiralty, asking for report on the supposed failure of HMS Lion, stating that the King had been told that she was defective in speed and that the position of the funnels was wrong, with the result that flames 50 feet high issued from them when steaming at high speed, that there was so much gossip about the ship that the King was anxious to know the truth.

1 folio
25 Feb 1912
CHAR 13/8/84-85

Admiralty report on speed trials of HMS Lion [typescript].

2 folios
[Feb] [1912]
CHAR 13/8/86

Letter from Nathanial, 1st Lord Rothschild (New Court, London) to WSC, letter of introduction for Berglein, who would tell him all about oil in Nigeria.

1 folio
26 Feb 1912
CHAR 13/8/87

Letter from Vice-Admiral Sir John Jellicoe (HMS Hercules, 2nd Division, Home Fleet) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on possible alteration to the Fire Control Top of Orion class battleships, similar to alterations carried out in HMS Lion.

1 folio
27 Feb 1912
CHAR 13/8/88-90

Letter from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to Admiral Sir Alfred Winsloe, thanks for report on the political and military position in China [manuscript draft by Admiral Sir David Beatty].

3 folios
28 Feb 1912
CHAR 13/8/91

Letter from [1st] Lord Northcliffe [earlier Alfred Harmsworth] (The Times), to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, stating that at the request of the British Embassy, Berlin [Germany], he was reluctantly holding back news about the German naval scheme, complaining that the Foreign Office, while using the press "as a sort of doormat" were always talking of its "Dangerous tendency", also commenting that the Government were not very able in their management of the newspapers, and that his papers the "Times", "Daily Mail" and "Evening News" had been really helping them over the last two or three days "almost against their wish".

1 folio
01 Mar 1912
CHAR 13/8/92-95

Letter from Arnold Hills (Thames Ironworks Shipbuilding &Engineering Co.) to Sydney Buxton, President, Board of Trade, asking for help in obtaining "fair play" for the shipbuilding industry of the Thames, particularly regarding orders for two cruisers from the Admiralty, complaining that the members of the "Gun and Armour Ring", Beadmore, Armstrong, Vickers and Cammel Laird, were tendering at less than cost price with the intention of knocking out the southern competition [typescript copy].

4 folios
06 Mar 1912
CHAR 13/8/96

Letter from Arthur [?] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty.

1 folio
06 Mar 1912
CHAR 13/8/97

Letter from Sydney Buxton, President, Board of Trade, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on complaint from Thames Ironworks Shipbuilding &Engineering Co., London on prices for orders of new cruisers.

1 folio
07 Mar 1912
CHAR 13/8/98

Letter from Admiral Sir Hedworth Meux to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, accepting offer to become Commander in Chief, Portsmouth [Hampshire].

1 folio
28 Mar 1912
CHAR 13/8/99-101

Minute by Captain George Ballard, Director, Operations Department, Admiralty War Staff, commenting on memorandum by Charles A'Court Repington on naval aspects of war with Germany.

3 folios
20 Apr 1912
CHAR 13/8/102-104

Minute by Rear-Admiral Ernest Troubridge, Chief of War Staff, Admiralty, commenting on memorandum by Charles A'Court Repington on naval aspects of war with Germany.

3 folios
01 Apr 1912
CHAR 13/8/105

Letter from Charles A'Court Repington (Maryon Hall, Hampstead, London) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, sending memorandum on naval aspects of war with Germany [not retained].

1 folio
27 Mar 1912
CHAR 13/8/106

Minute from Prince Louis of Battenberg [later 1st Lord Milford Haven] 1st Sea Lord, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on meeting to discuss mast and funnel problems of new battle cruisers.

1 folio
27 Mar 1913
CHAR 13/8/107

Minute from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to Prince Louis of Battenberg [later 1st Lord Milford Haven] 1st Sea Lord, on meeting to discuss mast and funnel problems of new battle cruisers [manuscript copy, initialled by WSC].

1 folio
27 Mar 1913
CHAR 13/8/108

Letter from [2nd] Lord Selborne (Ashley Gardens, London) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, asking about Admiral Sir Reginald Custance's Committee on the entry and training of naval officers, also congratulating WSC on his speeches on the Navy Estimates.

1 folio
25 Mar 1912
CHAR 13/8/109-110

Letter from Captain Hugh Watson, Naval Attache, British Embassy, Berlin, to Edward Marsh, PS to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on German naval expansion.

2 folios
22 Mar 1912
CHAR 13/8/111

Letter from Admiral Sir Arthur Limpus (Farnham, Surrey) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, accepting appointment as Naval Adviser to the Government of Turkey.

1 folio
22 Mar 1912
CHAR 13/8/112-113

Letter from Charles A'Court Repington (Maryon Hall, Hampstead, [London]) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, congratulations on his "masculine handling" of naval policy, stating that he now had complete confidence in the Admiralty as their policy was now based entirely on war considerations.

2 folios
21 Mar 1912
CHAR 13/8/114

Letter from H Augst (British Consulate General, Zurich, Switzerland) to William Tyrrell, Foreign Office, on German naval expansion [manuscript copy on Admiralty note paper].

1 folio
27 Mar 1912
CHAR 13/8/115

Letter from H Augst (British Consulate General, Zurich, Switzerland) to William Tyrrell, Foreign Office, on German naval expansion.

1 folio
17 Mar 1912
CHAR 13/8/116

Letter from Captain Hugh Watson, (Naval Attache, British Embassy, Berlin [Germany], to Edward Marsh, PS to WSC, Admiralty, on German naval expansion.

1 folio
16 Mar 1912
CHAR 13/8/117

Letter from 1st Lord Knollys, PS to King George V (Buckingham Palace ) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, stating that the King was going to see Admiral Sir Hedworth Meux, and would do his best to persuade him to accept post as Commander in Chief, Portsmouth [Hampshire].

1 folio
16 Mar 1912
CHAR 13/8/118

Statement by WSC on German naval increases [typescript].

1 folio
16 Mar 1912
CHAR 13/8/119-122

Minute by Rear Admiral Archibald Moore (Admiralty) on the problem of attacking airships.

4 folios
18 Mar 1912
CHAR 13/8/123

Letter from "Jack" [John] Seely [later 1st Lord Mottistone] (War Office) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on attacking aeroplanes and airships.

1 folio
15 Mar 1912
CHAR 13/8/124

Letter from Captain Hugh Watson (Naval Attache, British Embassy, Berlin [Germany]) to Edward Marsh, PS to WSC, Admiralty, on German naval increases.

1 folio
13 Mar 1912
CHAR 13/8/125

Note from Edward Marsh to N Branch, Admiralty, on Boy Seaman Harry Slade, who wished to be transferred from Portsmouth [Hampshire] to Chatham [Kent], so as to be nearer his parents in London, with reply by John Anderson [later 1st Lord Waverley].

1 folio
13 Mar [1912]
CHAR 13/8/126-127

Letter from Lewis Harcourt (Berkeley Square, London) to WSC, enclosing letter from Edwin Wade, Drayton Gardens, West Ealing, asking if he could help in case of Boy Seaman Harry Slade, who wished to be transferred from Portsmouth [Hampshire] to Chatham [Kent] so as to be nearer his home in London.

2 folios
13 Mar [1912]
CHAR 13/8/128

Letter from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to Sydney Buxton, President, Board of Trade, on help for shipbuilding industry on the River Thames [carbon].

1 folio
13 Mar [1912]
CHAR 13/8/129

Letter from Count Paul Metternich, German Ambassador, London, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, thanks for sending copy of his statement on the Naval Estimates.

1 folio
12 Mar [1912]
CHAR 13/8/130

Letter from 1st Lord Stamfordham [earlier Sir Arthur Bigge], PS to King George V. (Buckingham Palace) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on warship names, confirming that the King agreed that "Iron Duke" was more suitable than "Duke of Wellington", but that the King strongly felt that the name "Delhi" should be given to one of the other Dreadnoughts, to mark the change of capital in India.

1 folio
07 Mar 1912
CHAR 13/8/131

Letter from 1st Lord Stamfordham [earlier Sir Arthur Bigge], PS to King George V (Buckingham Palace) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on warship names, thanking WSC for his "prompt acquiescence" in the King's wish to secure the name "Delhi" for one of the new battleships.

1 folio
08 Mar 1912
CHAR 13/8/132

Letter from Sydney Buxton [President of the Board of Trade] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, sending letter from Arnold Hills [CHAR 13/8/92-95] on shipbuilding industry on the River Thames.

1 folio
07 Mar 1912