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CHAR 13/56 Admiralty - First Lord's Correspondence with Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord.

  Reference Description Date range  
CHAR 13/56/1

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty on threatened German Zeppelin raid on London. Stating that there was no defence against an air raid on London except reprisals to be announced beforehand to the German Government, and complaining that the British Government had not taken sufficient steps to warn Germany. Asking to be relieved of his official position as the Admiralty would be responsible for the massacre.

1 folio
04 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/56/2-4

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on superiority of German submarine design, blaming the former Controller of the Navy, Vice Admiral Charles Briggs, also on coastwise coal traffic and North Sea fishing.

3 folios
02 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/56/5

Letter from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, on threatened German Zeppelin raid on London, and Fisher's proposal that German prisoners be killed in reprisal, stating that he would take his views to Cabinet , although he could not support them. Also commentng that he hoped that Fisher's threat to resign should not be taken seriously, although he had "made up his mind never to dissuade anyone..from resigning if they wish to do so" [handwritten copy].

1 folio
04 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/56/6

Minute from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, opposing the forthcoming bombardment of Zebrugge.

1 folio
06 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/56/7

Minute from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on German minelaying.

1 folio
04 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/56/8

Minute from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, setting out his views on British Naval Policy.

1 folio
04 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/56/9

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on proposed attack on Alexandretta, Egypt.

1 folio
09 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/56/10

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, to Commodore Charles de Bartolome, Naval Sec. to First Lord, on plans for bombardment of Zebrugge.

1 folio
08 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/56/11

Minute from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the number of mines available, Jan-Apr 1915.

1 folio
04 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/56/12

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the illness of Adm Sir John Jellicoe, who was suffering from sciatica, and cricicising Jellicoe's support of Adm Sir Stanley Colville, who had shown "utter want of energy and resource" in dealing with the submarine defences at Scapa Flow. Also cricicising Vicfe-Admiral Lewis Bayly over the loss of the "ForMIDABLE".

1 folio
14 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/56/13

Minute from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on scheme to broaden recruitment base for officers, stating that it would be better that offiers be selected from a popluation of 41.5 million, rather than 1.5 million.

1 folio
20 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/56/14

Minute from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, urging the recall of the Grand Fleet of HMS "Blenheim" and the Destroyer flotilla from the Dardanelles, stating that the Turkish Naval Force was "quite a negligible quantity", and French Destroyers and Submarines could be called upon to deal with it.

1 folio
20 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/56/15-18

Minute from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, on the relative strengths of the British Grand Fleet and the German High Seas Fleet [typescript, initialled by WSC, with handwritten annotations by Fisher,].

4 folios
20 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/56/19

Letter from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, on mining scheme, and on the health of Admiral Sir John Jellicoe [handwritten, initialled by WSC].

1 folio
22 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/56/20

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, reporting that he had caught a cold in the head in WSC's room as his servant, Page had it "like an oven", urging WS not to catch it by attempting to see him. Also commenting on "spiffing" letter he had received from Queen Alexandra about Zeppelings, stating that she was buying rockets to fire at them, and wanted to join in.

1 folio
22 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/56/21

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the appointment of the recentlt retired Vice-Admiral Nelson Ommanney to a position at the Admiralty, stating that he knew more about fleet handing than anyone else in the Navy, suggesting that he should be given a Battle Squadron, also on the bombardment of Zebrugge.

1 folio
23 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/56/22

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord to WSC, First Lord of the Admialty, on Vice-Admiral David Beatty's account of Dogger Bank action.

1 folio
27 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/56/23

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord to WSC, First Lord of the Admialty, on his resignation "I think it really desirable...that I should gracefully disappear and revert to roses at Richmond", and on the Dogger Bank action, which proved conclusively the "absolute necessity for a big prepondance" of battle cruisers.

1 folio
28 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/56/24

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the Dogger Bank action, urging him not to say that British wireless turned back the Germans, also criticising the movements of Rear-Admiral Archibald Stoddart's South East Coast of America Squadron, for failing to locate the German cruiser "Dresden".

1 folio
25 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/56/25

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, reporting that he had ordered Sir Arthur May, Director-General of the Medical Depatrment to send the best specialist in London to the Caledonian Hotel, Inverness, to see Admiral Sir John Jellicoe, who had been maltreated for Piles and had an abcess, and was suffering from pain and fatigue.

1 folio
30 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/56/26

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, commenting on Admiral Sir Doveton Sturdee's despatch on the Battle of the Falklands, and his failure to sink the "Dresden".

1 folio
07 Feb 1915
CHAR 13/56/27

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on question from Lord Stamfordham, PS to King George V., on the publication of Sir Doveton Sturdee's Falkland Island Despatches.

1 folio
16 Feb 1915
CHAR 13/56/28

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on Bulgaria.

1 folio
26 Feb 1915
CHAR 13/56/29-30

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, advising that transport of troops be stopped during period of bright moon, also commenting on conversation with King George V, who praised the concept of the battle cruiser, the "all-on-Big-Gun" type.

2 folios
26 Feb 1915
CHAR 13/56/31

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on German policy of having 30% additional crew on board, and that in action one third of the crew were kept below under armour, to fill up casualties. Stating that while Britain could not afford this, they should increase complements of officers and men in the Grand Fleet.

1 folio
04 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/56/32

Letter from Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, stating that he would not press the four fast "light" battle cruisers as WSC seemed upset by them "you will greatly regret it hereafter", and on Intelligence Department paper on German battleship construction.

1 folio
05 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/56/33

Letter from Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on conversation with Admiral Sir Arthur Wilson, who wished to try yhe crew of the German submarine U.8 for murder, for attacking unarmed merchant ships.

1 folio
05 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/56/34-35

Letter from Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty reporting that three Monitors would leave Sheerness for the Danube in three days time.

1 folio
08 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/56/36

Letter from Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on British annexations in the Ottoman Empire, "Alexandretta to the Persian Gulf and Palestine also".

1 folio
09 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/56/37

Minute from Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the arrival of the German commerce raider "Eitel Friedrich" in an East Coast United States port, stating that she ould only have got there through the Panama Canal, and it was "beyond the bounds of human idiocy" that the British Consul General had failed to report the ship's arrival at both ends of the Canal.

1 folio
11 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/56/38-39

Letter from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Lord Pirrie, Chairman, Harland and Wolff, commanding him, under the powers of the Amending Act of the Defence of the Realm Act, to make immediate arrangements for expediting Admiralty work in the Firm's yards [carbon and draft].

2 folios
12 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/56/40

Minute from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher to WSC, reporting that Lord Pirrie, Chairman of Harland and Wolff had succeeded, after numerous interviews with Trades Delegates, in arranging for the completion of six Monitors by 1 May.

1 folio
11 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/56/41

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on publication of despatches on th sinking of the "Dresden", also on suggestion raised by Captain Reginald Hall that the best German battleships rush the Dover Straits and get to the Dardanellles and "gobble up" all our ships there.

1 folio
12 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/56/42-44

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, enclosing copy of memorandum by Julian Corbett on "Nanshan and Bulair", dated 1 Mar, and asking if he intended to continue with assault on Constantinople [Instanbul].

3 folios
15 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/56/45

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the "advanced state of preparedness" of the German High Seas Fleet, contrating this with the British Admiralty, which he described as "stagnant".

1 folio
16 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/56/46

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the Dardanelles, but also reminding him "not to let our eyes be too much off the main theatre".

1 folio
19 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/56/47

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, commenting on the 28 destroyers and torpedo boats in the Dardanelles, " a much bigger proportion than we have at home" suggesting that the French be asked to send more destroyers and light cruisers.

1 folio
20 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/56/48

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on naval appointments and the construction of battle cruisers.

1 folio
23 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/56/49

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, stating that he should send Commodore Charles de Bartolome to the Dardanelles, and that he might find Captain Dudley Pound useful, describing Pound as "very clever, full of resource. Everyone says he is A1".

1 folio
24 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/56/50

Letter from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord,on the Prime Minister's disappointment that the Admiralty had not sent Vice Admiral John de Robeck a definite order to go on with his attack on the Dardanelles [handwritten, initialled by WSC].

1 folio
25 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/56/51

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, sympathy on attack of influenza, also on submarines, blaming Admiral Sir Arthur Wilson for the fact that they were not developed during his time as 1st Sea Lord.

1 folio
26 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/56/52

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, sympathy on attack of influenza, also on action to be taken about Holland.

1 folio
27 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/56/53

Minute from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, agreeing to refer the question of Borkum to Admiral Sir Arthur Wilson, also on the Dardanelles.

1 folio
31 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/56/54

List of the British Naval Force in the Dardanelles [in the hand of Lord Fisher].

1 folio
Mar 1915
CHAR 13/56/55

Minute from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Admiral of the Fleet, Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, on need to receive a full statement from the War Office on the action to be taken by the Army in the Dardanelles, concluding "We cannot go back now" [handwritten copy].

1 folio
28 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/56/56

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, sending two papers to WSC, on the Dardanelles.

1 folio
29 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/56/57-59

Minute from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, predicting "something big" brewing in the North Sea, and the need to recall ships from the Dardanelles [typescript].

3 folios
28 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/56/60-62

Minute from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty on Naval Operations in the Dardanelles [typescript].

3 folios
27 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/56/63-71

Memorandum by WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty on the capture of Borkum. the closure of the mouths of the Jade and Elbe. the entry to the Baltic, and the "decisive military stroke", the landing of a 500,000 strong army at Emden [handwritten copy by Edward Marsh].

7 folios
24 Mar 1915