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CHAR 13/55 Admiralty - First Lord's Papers.

  Reference Description Date range  
CHAR 13/55/1-10

Memorandum by WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the capture of Borkum, the closure of the mouths of the Jade and Elbe, the entry to the Baltic, and the "decisive military stroke", the landing of a 500,000 strong army at Emden [typescript].

10 folios
24 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/55/11

Telegram from Gen Sir Ian Hamilton to the War Office, reporting that they had broken the back of the work, and would begin embarking Australians and New Zealanders on 4 Apr, with the French and the Royal Naval Division to follow [typescript copy].

1 folio
01 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/55/12

Admiralty note on arrangements for WSC's visit to the Woolwich Arsenal to see smoke experiments.

1 folio
02 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/55/13-14

Minute from T Jackson, Admiralty, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on availablity of destroyers for escorting merchant ships down the English Channel.

2 folios
02 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/55/15

Minute from Commodore Charles de Bartolome, Naval Secretary, Admiralty, to WSC, First Lord, on the promotion of Lord Dunraven to Temporary Commander, RNR, poining out that Dunraven's yacht was not on Admiralty service, and it would be "out of place" to promote him, annottated by WSC, asking Edward Marsh to "write him a nice letter".

1 folio
13 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/55/16

Parliamentary question from Edward John MP, asking the Prime Minister (Herbert Asquith) for details of losses sustained by the Army and the Navy up to 31 Mar [printed].

1 folio
21 Apr 1915
CHAR 13/55/17

Minute from Edward Marsh, Admiralty to the Director of Naval Ordnance, and the Director of the Air Department, on offer from Col. Sir John Willoughby of his squadron of four armoured cars, asking if it would be possible for them to be provided with a 3 pounder Hotchkiss Gun.

1 folio
15 Apr 1915
CHAR 13/55/18

Minute from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to the Secretary, Admiralty (W Graham Greene), agreeing that only the supreme need of the Army could justify any slackening in naval production or diversion of supplies, and on reserves of ammunition for the Grand Fleet [handwritten, initialled by WSC].

1 folio
18 Apr 1915
CHAR 13/55/19-21

Admiralty note of Naval casulaties up to 31 Mar 1915, for use in the Prime Minister's reply to parliamentary question from Edward John MP.

3 folios
18 Apr 1915
CHAR 13/55/22

Minute from Sir James Marshall, Director of Dockyards, Admiralty to Commodore Charles de Bartolome, Naval Secretary to First Lord, confirming that HMS "Kent" would not be able to dock at Esquimalt Dock, Canada, and that the nearest dock was at San Fransisco.

1 folio
22 Apr 1915
CHAR 13/55/23

Minute from Commodore Charles de Bartolome, Naval Secretary to WSC, First Lord, of the Admiralty, on proposed conference between Britain, France and Italy to discuss naval and military arrangements in the Mediterranean.

1 folio
22 Apr 1915
CHAR 13/55/24

Telegram from from the Belgian Minister of War to the Admiralty notificaton that three tugs, destined for the Belgiamn Army were shortly leaving Flushing heading for Calais [typescript copy].

1 folio
22 Apr 1915
CHAR 13/55/25

Visiting card of William Stoker.

1 folio
1915
CHAR 13/55/26

Minute from Captain Murray Sueter, Director of the Air Department, Admiralty, to Edward Marsh, on aerial torpedoe invented by King, and brought to WSC's attention by William Stoker.

1 folio
22 Apr 1915
CHAR 13/55/27-29

Minute from Edward Marsh, Admiralty to Captain Murray Sueter, Director of the Air Department, enclosong papers on aerial torpedo invented by King, and brouht to WSC's attention by William Stoker, a retired Colonial Judge.

3 folios
Apr 1915
CHAR 13/55/30

Minute from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, suggesting that 20 Midshipmen be transferred to the Naval Air Service "we have drowned 50 doing nothing, and this is a splendid education [handwritten, initialled by WSC, annotated "Concur" by Fisher"].

1 folio
23 Apr 1915
CHAR 13/55/31

Minute by WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty on German use of "asphyxiating shells" asking for details of masks supplied to the fleet, suggesting that something very simple was required which could be made easily and in large quantities, with replied by various Admiralty Departments.

1 folio
23 Apr 1915
CHAR 13/55/32

Minute by Rear-Admiral Morgan Singer, Director of Naval Ordnance to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty on supply of respirators to the fleet.

1 folio
24 Apr 1915
CHAR 13/55/33

Minute by Sir Arthur May, Medical Diector-General, Admiralty, on respirators supplied to the Fleet.

1 folio
24 Apr 1915
CHAR 13/55/34

Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to General Sir John French (later Lord Ypres), on reports that German warships were at sea [handwritten draft, initialled by WSC].

1 folio
29 Apr 1915
CHAR 13/55/35-39

Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Amiralty to Rear-Admiral John de Robeck, Naval C. in C,. Dardanelles, on his suggestion to abandon the original plan for the naval forcing of the Dardanelles, and to use the whole military force available, whish would not be available until 14 Apr [handwritten draft, not sent - Lord Fisher (1st Sea Lord) had threatened to resign if the telegram was sent. WSC modified it and the redrafted version (CHAR 13/65) was sent on 24 Mar.].

5 folios
23 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/55/40-42

Minute from the Director of Transports, Admiralty, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on transport of troops to the Dardanelles, reporting that one Division was delayed by 24 hours by War Office action and half a Division was delayed a further 24 hours by labour difficulties [typescript copy].

3 folios
[Mar] 1915
CHAR 13/55/43

Admiralty minute on purchase of house "The Wyck", Dundee.

1 folio
[Mar] 1915
CHAR 13/55/44

Admiralty minute on artillery in the Dardanelles, typescript, initialled by WSC and Lord Fisher.

1 folio
01 May 1915
CHAR 13/55/45-50

Admiralty minute on German attacks on neutral shipping [typescript, with handwritten annotations, initialled by WSC].

6 folios
03 May 1915
CHAR 13/55/51-52

Letter from Alfred Whist, Christiania [Oslo] Norway, to F Leverton Harris MP, on need to cut off German exports. Also account of visit to Berlin and to the English Concentration Camp at Ruhleben, commenting on the "awful sanitary conditions" [typscript extracts].

2 folios
06 May 1915
CHAR 13/55/53

Letter from the Admiralty Marshal's Office to Edward Marsh Admiralty, on letter from P L Baker on the sale of tobacco.

1 folio
06 May 1915
CHAR 13/55/54

Submission fromCaptain Clement Greatorex, Director of Naval Equipment, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on torpedo bulges to be fitted to HMS "Revenge".

1 folio
11 May 1915
CHAR 13/55/55-56

Admiralty telegram ordering HMS "Revenge" to leave Chatham Dockyard, deferrig the fitting of bow catcher and torpedo bulges [carbon].

2 folios
10 May 1915
CHAR 13/55/57-58

Minute by Admiral Sir Arthur Wilson, comparing the Gallipoli landings to a possible landing on the British coast [carbon].

2 folios
13 May 1915
CHAR 13/55/59

Minute from Commander R M Groves, Air Dept, Admiralty to Edward Marsh, Admiralty, stating that the Admiralty had examined the "All British" aero-engine, and that there was no justification for support in developing the engine.

1 folio
13 May 1915
CHAR 13/55/60

Minute from Edward Marsh, Admiralty, to Commander R M Groves, Air Dept, Admiralty, on enquiry from William Cowan MP on the "all British" aero-engine.

1 folio
13 May 1915
CHAR 13/55/61

Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Victor Augagneur, French Minister of Marine, confirming that four British Battleships and four Light Cruisers would leave the dardanelles for service in the Adriatic as soon as their French replacements arrived, asking for the names of the French ships and the dates of relief [handwritten, initialled by WSC].

1 folio
12 May 1915
CHAR 13/55/62-63

Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to the Italian Minister of Marine, confirming that four British Battleships and four Light cruisers under the command of Rear-Admiral Cecil Thursby would leave the Dardanelles for service in the Adriatic as soon as they had been relieved by French ships [carbon].

2 folios
14 May 1915
CHAR 13/55/64

Letter from Captain Murray Sueter [Director of Air Department, Admiralty] to [Edward] Marsh [Private Secretary to WSC on the order of guns from the United States. He expresses concern at the delay in finalising the contract letter for the firm. Signed typescript.

1 folio
15 May 1915
CHAR 13/55/65

Letter from Sir Frederick Black, Director of Contracts Dept, Admiralty, Edward Marsh, Admiralty, about progress on the Davis gun paper.

1 folio
15 May 1915
CHAR 13/55/66

Telegram from Admiralty to Admiral Superintendent, Malta, asking him to make proposals for closing down enemy submarine bases [carbon].

1 folio
16 May 1915
CHAR 13/55/67

Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Major-General Archibald Paris, appreciation of the work of the Royal Naval Division in the Dardanelles.

1 folio
18 May 1915
CHAR 13/55/68

Telegram from Major-General Archibald Paris, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, thanks for his appreciation of the work of the Royal Naval Division in the Dardanelles.

1 folio
18 May 1915
CHAR 13/55/69i-69ii

Minute from WSC to the 2nd, 3rd and 4th Sea Lords, Vice-Adm Sir Frederick Hamilton, Rear-Adm Frederick Tudor and Captain Cecil Lambert, thanks for minute of 18 May on the power of the First Lord to initiate action, stating that he felt it best if the 1st Sea Lord made proposals and the First Lord to criticise or concur "but no rule can be laid down". Stating that the First Lord had the power of not only of veto but of initiation. Agreeing that the four Sea Lords should be more fully consulted on large questions of war policy, but thet neither Prince Louis of Battenberg [later 1st Lord Milford Haven] or Lord Fisher were in favour. [handwritten copy, initialled by WSC].

2 folios
19 May 1915
CHAR 13/55/70i-70ii

Minute from WSC to the 2nd, 3rd and 4th Sea Lords, Vice-Adm Sir Frederick Hamilton, Rear-Adm Frederick Tudor and Captain Cecil Lambert, praising their "loyalty to national interests" during the present emergency, but putting on record his opinion that there was not the slightest foundation for their statement that the "method of directing the distribution of the Fleet and the conduct of the war" had been taken out of the hands of the 1st Sea Lord, stating that "no order of the slightest consequence affecting the movement of the Fleet or its distribution has ever been issued except with the authority and agreement of the 1st Sea Lord" [handwritten, initialled by WSC].

2 folios
17 May 1915
CHAR 13/55/71

Admiralty Chart of the North Sea, showing sortie by the german High Seas Fleet, and response by the Battle Cruiser Fleet.

1 folio
17 May 1915
CHAR 13/55/72

Telegram from Vice Admiral John De Robeck to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, thanking him for telegram, and support for the Squadron in the Dardanelles [carbon].

1 folio
28 May 1915
CHAR 13/55/73-87

Statement by WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty on the resignation of Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher as 1st Sea Lord, mainly over the Dardanelles [carbon].

15 folios
[May] 1915
CHAR 13/55/88

Telegram from the Admiralty to Vice Admiral John De Robeck, on precaution against attack by submarines in the Dardanelles [carbon].

1 folio
[May] 1915
CHAR 13/55/89-90

Admiralty minute to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, report on the Turkish Forts in the Dardanelles.

2 folios
1915
CHAR 13/55/91

Admiralty statement on German naval activity in the Thames Estuary on 1 May, including the sinking of the destroyer HMS "Recruit" by a German submarine, and attack on the trawler "Columbia" by two torpedo boats [carbon].

1 folio
[02] May 1915
CHAR 13/55/92-94

Admiralty statement on German policy of scattering mines on trade routes on the open sea [carbon].

3 folios
1915
CHAR 13/55/95

Minute from WESC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Lord Kitchener, War Office, on military operations in the Dardanelles [handwritten, unsigned].

1 folio
May 1915
CHAR 13/55/96-99

Memorandum on the "Pollen Clock", naval gunnery control system, with sketches.

4 folios
1915
CHAR 13/55/100-110

Admiralty statement on the operations leading to the destruction of the German Pacific Squadron, including the destruction of Admiral Sir Christopher Cradock's squadron off Coronel and the sinking of the "Scharnhorst" and "Gneisenau" at the Battle of the Falklands [carbon].

11 folios
1915
CHAR 13/55/111

Parliamentary question from John Boland to the Financial Secretary to the Admiralty, Thomas Macnamara, asking about spiritual welfare of Roman Catholics serving in the Fleet, with reply [carbon].

1 folio
1915
CHAR 13/55/112

List of Naval Transport Officers at Dunkirk since 1 Nov 1914.

1 folio
1915
CHAR 13/55/113-119

Admiralty memorandum on the 42 German merchant ships and liners capable of being speedilty converted into commerce destroyers [carbon].

7 folios
1915
CHAR 13/55/120

Admiralty minute on conditions in which German submarine prisoners of war were kept [carbon].

1 folio
1915
CHAR 13/55/121

Reply by Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord, to Parliamenary Question asking if the 1st Sea Lord had been consulted and had approved the attack of 9 Mar 1915.

1 folio
1915
CHAR 13/55/122

Minute from Edward Marsh to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty on "teriffic fuss" about transport of women to Holland for a conference on social questions.

1 folio
1915
CHAR 13/55/123-127

Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Vice-Admiral John de Robeck, on naval and military operations in the Dardanelles, and the possible abandonment of naval plan to force the Dardanelles without the aid of a large army [carbon].

5 folios
[May] 1915
CHAR 13/55/128

Minute from the 2nd, 3rd and 4th Sea Lords, Vce-Adm Sir Frederick Hamilton, Rear-Adm Frederick Tudor and Captain Cecil Lambert to WSC, First Sea Lord, accepting that "no order of an consequence afecting the movements of the Fleet...has ever been issued except with the authority and agreement of the 1st Sea Lord", but pointing out that in most cases action had been initiated by WSC and referred to the 1st Sea Lord (Lord Fisher) for concurrence, maintaining that orders should be initiated by the 1st Sea Lord and referred to the First Lord for criticism or concurrence.Also asking for assurance that all Sea Lords were consulted and kept more fully informed on large points of policy.

1 folio
18 May 1915
CHAR 13/55/129

Telegram from GHQ, France to War Office, reporting that Dunkirk was shelled by Germn naval forces, asking that shelling from the sea be stopped immediately.

1 folio
29 Apr 1915
CHAR 13/55/130-131

Admiralty minute on the destruction of the British submarine, E15, grounded on Kephey Point, by boats from HMS "Triumph" and HMS "Majestic", to prvent the submarine falling into Turkish hands in a serviceable condition, praising the commander of the expedition, Lt-Cdr Eric Robinson [carbon].

2 folios
18 Apr 1915
CHAR 13/55/132-133

Admiralty report on reconaissance over Ostende, and the German shelling of Dunkirk from the Sea [typescript, initialled and annotated by WSC].

2 folios
30 Apr 1915
CHAR 13/55/134-136

Admiralty minute on German submarine activity, suggesing that ships avoid the danger areas for three days out of four "for three days German submarines would be useless and would find no prey, on the fourth day they would be confronted with e crowd of shipping out of which...they could not take a proportionate toll".

3 folios
1915
CHAR 13/55/137

Admiralty minute possible purchase of Portugese trawlers to work on the minesweepning patrol.

1 folio
1915
CHAR 13/55/138-139

Extract from letter from Admiral Sir Michael Seymour, recollections of Bulair in the Dardanelles.

1 folio
1915
CHAR 13/55/140-141

Admiraltry statement on report from Admiral Sir Richard Pierse, C. in C., East Indies on the bombardment of Smyrna [carbon].

2 folios
1915
CHAR 13/55/142-147

Minute by Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord "On the possibility of using our command of the sea to influence more drastically the military situation on the continent" [carbon, with ms annotations ? by WSC].

6 folios
Nov 1914
CHAR 13/55/148

Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden, asking for details of the strength and composition of Turkish troops on the Gallipoli Peninsula, and his views on aid which could be given by a military force".

1 folio
24 Feb 1915
CHAR 13/55/149

Admiralty minute reporting that the transport "Manitou" had been attacked by a Turkish torpedo boat in the Aegean, with the loss of about 100 lives [carbon].

1 folio
17 Apr 1915